The Deodar Cedar is considered the national tree of Pakistan. It is referred to as the most graceful tree. The tree has an elegant, pendulous branching pattern having appealing colors and attractive shapes. Deodar is used as a landscape specimen.
Deodar Cedar is its common name, while Cedrus Deodar is its scientific name. It belongs to the Pinaceae family.
Description of National Tree of Pakistan; Deodar Tree
The Deodar Cedar is an evergreen tree having a fine texture. It can be planted in well-drained, dry, and sunny places as they are considered beautiful landscapes. Deodar grows about 13′ to 24′ per year. But its height can reach up to 50′ and 150′ to 200′ in their native habits.
By making its arrangement, it forms an appealing look of a street tree. This tree is kept away from the sidewalks and street paving.
The Deodar Cedar has a flat top at a mature level. Elegant branches are widespread; needles are bluish-green, bark has scales on it having cones. Due to its pointed shape at the top, this tree is foreseen as pyramidal. The conifers remain evergreen till maturity level. Branches grow in the horizontal direction and can spread up to 10-15 feet.
Needles of The Tree
Leaves are needle-like and are of Bluish-green color. Its length ranges from 1-2 inches. These stay for about 3-6 years on the tree.
Bark and Twigs
Deodar has straight and thin twigs. Grey bark covers the trunk. At maturity level, the bark becomes scaly. The trunk is broad, having 3 meters in diameter.
Cones of Deodar Tree
Both male and female cones usually grow on one tree. That’s why it is called monoecious. Male cones are located in the lower branches and are called catkin. A lot of pollen falls off male cones. Female cones are found in the upper limbs. Pollination takes place by wind. After pollination, growth takes place in Spring and Summer. At maturity level, green cones are ripe and turn brown. Cones length ranges from 3-6 inches. Two seeds germinate at each scale of the cone. The seed color is brown. They are triangular, having large wings.
Cones become mature within 13 months, and seeds are released. Germination takes place in late spring. The plant becomes a mature tree up to 45 years and becomes capable of bearing seeds.
The native place of Deodar is the Himalayas. This tree is traced out at the height of 3500-12000 feet. Deodar trees grow in a temperate atmosphere. The tree belongs to conifers and broadleaf tree species. Their native habitat ranges from India to China. Deodar can survive in moist or dry soil. They are drought tolerant but prolonged drought periods can kill the tree. The tree can be found in the west and south of Canada, China, France, Germany, Spain, and Italy.
The plantation place of the Deodar tree is in the west and southern states of the US. These are also found in Argentina, Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain.
Pests like beetle borers and phytophthora cause harm to the Deodar by rotting the root and sooty mould. Its age extends for hundreds of years. Deodar benefits the surrounding soil by stopping erosion which helps in vegetation. These trees are the habitat for crows and squirrels.
Uses of Deodar Tree
- It is the primary source of Lumber in different countries, Afghanistan and India.
- It is rot-proof.
- It is pest-resistant.
- It can be used as fuel.
- Its heartwood is used in furniture and can be polished as it is solid and durable.
- Its wood is used in Carpentry.
- It is used for construction purposes.
- The wood is used to build sarcophaguses for the mummies by Egyptians.
- The tree is known as the tree of God.
- Deodar is used to build buildings like temples and palaces.
- It is used for the construction of bridges.
- This tree is also used for making railroad ties.
- It is used for making pencils.
- Polywood is being produced by it.
The tree has different medicinal properties, which are so beneficial.
- The tree’s bark and resin’s wood have anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and oxidant properties.
- The heartwood of the Deodar Tree has the properties of diaphoretic and diuretic.
- Wood can be used for fever and hemorrhoid treatment, pulmonary and urinary disorders, diabetes, insomnia, etc.
- The bark of the tree is used for the treatment of diarrhea, fever, and dysentery.
- Leaves of Deodar are used to treat tuberculosis.
- Resins of the tree are used to treat joint pains, diseases of skin c, and problems of bruises.
- Oil of the tree is used to treat bronchitis, the problem of acne and tuberculosis, disease of catarrh, disease of arthritis, and diuretic. Oil is used for cough smoothness, to cure viral infections, and to promote restful sleep. Oil also helps to cure sinus disease and ear congestion. Oil can be used as an insecticide, molluscicide, and herbicide. Oil is antifungal as it is used to scent soaps.
- Deodar trees are planted for landscaping.
- Christians use these trees as Christmas trees.
The cultural importance of Deodar Tree
In Pakistan, Deodar is considered a national tree.
In India, Deodar is worshipped as a divine tree.
In the US, Deodar is used for landscaping and decoration as a Christmas tree. So it is commonly known as the California Christmas tree.
Different Varieties of The Deodar Cedar
It has white foliage and is a slow-growing tree.
It has golden needle-like leaves with horizontal branches.
It is dwarf in size, but it grows very fast. Its height goes up to 10 feet. It also has golden needles, but its color turns into yellowish-green color in Summers.
It has bluish-green foliage, and branches grow in the horizontal direction. It is a dwarf in size, but its height goes up to 6 feet.
It has silvery bluish-green foliage and can survive below zero temperature.
It has the same features as Kashmir deodar. It has strong hardiness.
Pruning of Deodar Tree
This tree is a low-maintenance tree. However, dead and damaged branches should be removed to enhance the shape and speed up the tree’s growth.
Watering the Tree
The tree needs plenty of watering at the early stage of growth. When they get mature, they become drought resistant. The tree survives in moist soil.
Survival Temperature of the Tree
The tree is known as the best tolerant of heat and humidity.
The tree can survive in various types of soil like sandy soil, loam, clay, etc.
The tree requires full sun for its better growth.