Unveiling the National Symbols of Pakistan

The national symbols of Pakistan are a collection of symbols that represent the country’s history, culture, and identity. They are used to promote national pride and unity, and foster patriotism among the Pakistani people. Pakistan’s national symbol is the flag. The flag is green with a white crescent and a star. The green color represents Islam, the crescent moon represents progress, and the star represents light and knowledge.

Other national symbols of Pakistan include the state emblem, the national anthem, and the national motto. The state emblem is a coat of arms featuring a crescent moon and a star. It also features a shield with four crops, a wreath, and a scroll with the national motto. The national anthem celebrates Pakistan’s independence and its people. The national motto is “Unity, Faith, Discipline.”

The national symbols of Pakistan are meaningful because they help to unite the country’s diverse population and promote a sense of national identity. They are also used to promote Pakistan’s culture and values to the world.

National Flag of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national flag has a dark green field with a white vertical stripe on the left side. This stripe is wider than the other two vertical stripes on the right side. The white stripe represents minority religious communities in Pakistan, while the green color symbolizes Islam and the majority Muslim population.

In the center of the green field, there is a white crescent moon facing the right. There is a five-pointed white star to the right of the moon. The crescent and star are traditional Islamic symbols and represent progress and light, respectively.

The flag’s aspect ratio is 2:3, which means its width is one and a half times its height. Pakistan’s flag was officially adopted on August 11, 1947, when Pakistan gained independence from British colonial rule.


National Anthem of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national anthem is called “Qaumi Tarana” in Urdu, which translates to “National Anthem” in English. It was written by Hafeez Jalandhari in 1952 and composed by Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla.

The national anthem is in Persianized Urdu and consists of three stanzas. However, the commonly performed version includes only the first stanza, which is officially recognized as the national anthem.

Here is the English translation of the Pakistani national anthem’s first stanza:

  • Blessed be the sacred land.
  • Happy to be in the bounteous realm,
  • Symbol of high resolve,
  • Land of Pakistan.
  • Blessed be thou, citadel of faith.

Pakistan’s national anthem holds immense significance and is played on various occasions, including Independence Day, Republic Day, and other national events.

Resolution Day of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan Resolution Day, observed on March 23rd, commemorates the Lahore Resolution of 1940. This historic resolution laid the foundation for Pakistan, providing a voice for the Muslims of South Asia and their demand for a separate homeland. On this day, Pakistanis celebrate their independence struggle and pay tribute to the leaders who envisioned a sovereign state for Muslims.

It is a time of national pride and unity, with flag-raising ceremonies, parades, and cultural events held across the country. Pakistan Resolution Day serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made and the determination shown in achieving independence. It reinforces the commitment to uphold the nation’s ideals and values.

The National language of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

The national language of Pakistan is recognized as Urdu. It is a mixture of many languages like Arabic and Persian. The Urdu language has a very close resemblance to Hindi. East India Company declared the Urdu language as a court language and replaced it with the Persian language in 1837.

Urdu is derived from the Indo-Aryan language. Basically, the origin of Urdu is too old. Urdu is a Turkish word that means army, that’s why it is called Lashkari Zaban natively.

In Pakistan, Urdu is taught as a compulsory subject till the higher secondary level in schools. Urdu name was introduced by Ghulam Hamdani in 1780. Urdu is recognized as an official language.

National Emblem of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

The national emblem of Pakistan symbolizes the ideology of Pakistan, cultural significance, and economic worth. Officially the emblem of Pakistan was approved in 1954. The emblem of Pakistan was designed by Maraj Muhammad.

The national motto is presented on the emblem. Faith, Unity, and Discipline are the main principles for the formation of Pakistan. Crescent and star show the signs of Islam. Four main crops are presented at the center of the emblem. The national flower is presented in the form of a wreath.

National Game of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national game is field hockey. Field hockey has a long and successful history in the country, and Pakistan has been one of the dominant forces in international field hockey. The Pakistan national field hockey team has achieved remarkable success, winning multiple Olympic medals, including three gold medals, and several Hockey World Cups.

Field hockey is widely played and followed in Pakistan. The sport has a strong grassroots presence, with numerous clubs and academies nurturing young talent across the country. Pakistan has produced legendary hockey players who contributed to the sport.

While field hockey is Pakistan’s official national sport, cricket also holds immense popularity and is often considered the de facto official sport. Pakistan’s national cricket team has a passionate following, and cricket matches draw massive audiences and fervent support from the Pakistani people.

National Dress of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national dress reflects the country’s rich cultural heritage and diversity. For men, the national dress is the Shalwar Kameez, which consists of loose-fitting trousers (Shalwar) paired with a long tunic (Kameez). The Shalwar Kameez is often adorned with intricate embroidery or embellishments, showcasing Pakistan’s craftsmanship and artistic traditions.

For women, the national dress is the Shalwar Kameez, but in a different style. Women usually wear a loose-fitting tunic (Kameez) paired with loose trousers (Shalwar) and a matching or contrasting dupatta (scarf). Women’s Shalwar Kameez designs, fabrics, and colors vary across different regions of Pakistan, reflecting distinct cultural influences and traditions.

Pakistan’s national dress is not only worn on special occasions or festivals but also everyday. It is comfortable, versatile, and well-suited to the local climate. The Shalwar Kameez has become an iconic symbol of Pakistani identity and represents traditional values and cultural pride.

National Animal of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national animal is the Markhor (Capra falconeri). It is a species of wild goat indigenous to Pakistan’s mountainous regions, as well as other countries in Central Asia. The Markhor is known for its magnificent appearance and distinctive spiral horns, which can grow to impressive lengths.

The selection of the Markhor as Pakistan’s national animal reflects its cultural significance and represents the country’s rich biodiversity. The Markhor is admired for its strength, agility, and adaptability to harsh mountainous terrains. It is also deeply rooted in Pakistan’s folklore and traditional art.

As a protected species, the Markhor holds significant importance in conservation efforts. Pakistan has taken significant steps to preserve and protect Markhors, which are considered endangered due to habitat loss and poaching. The designation of the markhor as the national animal underscores Pakistan’s commitment to wildlife conservation and natural heritage.

National Bird of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national bird is the Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar). It is a medium-sized bird known for its distinct appearance and habitat in Pakistan’s mountainous regions. The Chukar Partridge has gray-brown plumage with black and white bars on its flanks. It also has a red beak and red legs.

The selection of the Chukar Partridge as Pakistan’s national bird reflects its cultural significance and representation of the country’s diverse wildlife. It is admired for its adaptability, resilience, and ability to survive in challenging environments. The bird is celebrated in traditional poetry, folklore, and artwork.

The Chukar Partridge symbolizes Pakistan’s natural beauty, biodiversity, and connection to its rugged terrains. Its status as the national bird showcases the nation’s commitment to conservation and appreciation of its unique avian species.

National River of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

The Indus River is widely considered Pakistan’s National River. Flowing through the country for approximately 2,900 kilometers, it holds immense significance in Pakistan’s history, culture, and development. The river originates on the Tibetan plateau and passes through Pakistan’s northern regions before traversing Punjab and Sindh plains.

The Indus River is not only a source of water for irrigation, supporting Pakistan’s agriculture, but also provides opportunities for hydroelectric power generation. It sustains a diverse ecosystem, harboring various plants and animals.

National Tree of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

The national tree of Pakistan is Cedrus deodara, commonly known as Deodar cedar or Himalayan cedar. This majestic evergreen coniferous tree holds great significance in the country due to its cultural and ecological importance. The Deodar cedar is native to the western Himalayas and can be found in various regions of Pakistan, including the northern areas.

With its tall and elegant stature, the Deodar Cedar symbolizes strength, resilience, and longevity. It is admired for its dense foliage, which provides shade and shelter for numerous wildlife species. Deodar cedar wood is highly valued for its durability and used in furniture, buildings, and crafts.

This national tree represents Pakistan’s natural beauty and diversity, particularly in its mountainous regions. It serves as a reminder of the country’s rich natural heritage and the need to protect and preserve its forests for future generations.

National Flower of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national flower is jasmine (Jasminum officinale). Known as “Chambeli” in Urdu, jasmine holds significant cultural and historical importance in the country. Its delicate white petals and enchanting fragrance have made it a beloved flower among Pakistanis.

Jasmine symbolizes purity, elegance, and grace, reflecting nation values. It is often used in religious ceremonies, weddings, and traditional festivities. The flower’s aroma is soothing and refreshing, capturing Pakistan’s diverse landscapes and rich heritage.

Furthermore, jasmine is a symbol of hospitality, warmth, and friendship in Pakistani culture. It represents the spirit of unity and harmony among the nation’s diverse communities. The jasmine’s prominence as the national flower showcases the country’s love for natural beauty and commitment to preserving its cultural identity.

National Fruit of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national fruit is mango, widely considered the king of fruits. Mangoes are not only popular fruits in Pakistan, but also one of the country’s largest agricultural exports. Mangos are tropical fruits with sweet, juicy flesh and a pleasant aroma enjoyed by people all around the world.

Mangoes in Pakistan come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. Some of the most popular varieties are Chaunsa, Sindhri, Anwar Ratol, Langra, and Dusehri. Mangoes are enjoyed in Pakistan in a variety of ways, including as fresh fruit, in juices and smoothies, and in traditional desserts like mango kulfi and mango lassi.

The National Dish of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Nihari is a popular national dish of Pakistan known for its rich and robust flavors. It originated in the Mughal era and has since become a beloved part of Pakistani cuisine. Nihari is a slow-cooked stew made with tender meat, typically beef or lamb, along with a blend of aromatic spices such as ginger, garlic, and a variety of powdered spices like coriander, turmeric, and cumin. The dish is traditionally cooked overnight to allow the flavors to meld together, resulting in a thick and flavorful gravy.

Nihari is often garnished with fried onions, fresh coriander leaves, ginger slices, and a squeeze of lemon juice, which adds a refreshing touch. It is commonly served with naan (traditional bread) or rice, making it a hearty and satisfying meal. The dish is often enjoyed for breakfast or on special occasions. Its rich and spicy flavors have made it a favorite among food enthusiasts in Pakistan and beyond.

National Drink of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national drink is sugarcane juice, commonly known as “ROH”. It is a refreshing and nutritious beverage widely consumed throughout the country, especially in hot and humid regions. Sugarcane juice is extracted from the sugarcane plant, which is grown extensively in Pakistan’s agricultural sector.

Sugarcane juice is delicious and packed with health benefits. It is a rich source of natural sugars, antioxidants, and essential nutrients like calcium, potassium, and iron. The juice is also believed to have medicinal properties, such as improving digestion, boosting immunity, and reducing inflammation.

Pakistani culture often associates sugarcane juice with street food and vendors who sell it fresh and cold. It is common to see people enjoying roh during scorching summers, relieving heat and quenching thirst.

National vegetable of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national vegetable is okra, scientifically known as Abelmoschus esculentus. Okra is a beloved vegetable in Pakistani cuisine and holds cultural significance in the country. Its versatility and nutritional value contribute to its status as the national vegetable. Okra is a staple ingredient in Pakistani dishes, including curries, stews, and pickles. Its unique muclaginous texture adds thickness and flavor to dishes.

Nutritionally, okra is low in calories and fat while being a healthy source of fiber, vitamin C, and other essential nutrients. Culturally, okra is associated with festivities and celebrations, often included in special meals during weddings and religious occasions. Its cultivation and consumption reflect Pakistan’s agricultural and culinary traditions. As the national vegetable, okra represents the rich culinary heritage and diversity of the country, loved and cherished by people of all ages.

National Instrument of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national instrument is the sitar. The sitar is a stringed musical instrument widely associated with classical music in South Asia, including Pakistan and India. It has a long neck with movable frets and a gourd-shaped resonating chamber. The sitar is played by plucking the strings with a plectrum while the player sits cross-legged.

The sitar has a rich history and is deeply rooted in Pakistan’s cultural heritage. It is often featured in traditional Pakistani music, including classical, folk, and Sufi music. The mesmerizing sounds of the sitar have captivated audiences for centuries and continue to be an integral part of the country’s musical traditions.

It is important to note that Pakistan is a diverse country with multiple regional musical instruments that hold significance in different parts of the country. While the sitar is recognized as a prominent instrument, there are other instruments like the tabla, harmonium, sarangi, and dhol that also play significant roles in Pakistani music.

National Mountain of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan’s national mountain is K2. Also known as Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori, K2 is the second highest mountain in the world, standing at an elevation of 8,611 meters (28,251 feet) above sea level. It is located in the Karakoram Range, part of the vast Himalayas, in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan.

K2 is renowned for its challenging and treacherous climbing conditions, earning it the nickname “Savage Mountain.” Its steep and icy slopes, unpredictable weather, and technical difficulties make it a formidable and dangerous peak to conquer. Despite the risks, K2 attracts mountaineers from around the world who seek to test their skills and endurance.

The mountain’s official status as Pakistan’s national mountain recognizes its significant natural and cultural importance to the country. K2’s majestic presence and prominence in the Pakistani landscape make it an iconic symbol of national pride. It is also a source of inspiration for adventurers and nature enthusiasts alike.

National Monument of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

Pakistan has several national monuments that represent the country’s rich history and culture. Some of the most notable national monuments in Pakistan include:

  • Minar-e-Pakistan: It is a tall tower located in Lahore, built to commemorate the Lahore Resolution passed on March 23, 1940. This resolution demanded the creation of a separate homeland for Muslims on the Indian subcontinent.
  • Quaid-e-Azam’s Mausoleum: The mausoleum of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, is located in Karachi. It is an iconic symbol of Pakistan’s independence struggle.
  • Pakistan Monument: It is a national monument located in Islamabad, built to symbolize the unity of the Pakistani people. The monument is shaped like a blooming flower, with petal-shaped walls representing Pakistan’s four provinces and three territories.
  • Faisal Mosque: The Faisal Mosque is a famous mosque in Islamabad, known for its unique design and architecture. It was built in 1986 and named after King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.
  • Mohenjo-daro: Mohenjo-daro is an ancient city in Sindh, dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization. It is one of the world’s oldest and most intact urban settlements and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

These national monuments are a major part of Pakistan’s cultural heritage and attract thousands of tourists every year.

National Mosque of Pakistan

National Symbols of Pakistan

The national mosque of Pakistan is known as Shah Faisal Mosque. The mosque is situated at Margalla hill Islamabad. It is the 2nd largest mosque in Pakistan. The design of the mosque was selected from 43 designs. Shah Faisal funded it. The design of the mosque is unconventional. It does not have a traditional dome. The Turkish Architect designed the Mosque.

Faisal mosque has an eight-sided center. The design is made after the inspiring architecture of Kaaba. The front courtyard has a water pond and fountain. Stairs are on the left side of the courtyard. The ablution place is near the pond.


The national symbols of Pakistan are a vital part of the country’s identity. They represent the country’s history, culture, and values, and they help unite the Pakistani people. The symbols are a source of pride and inspiration for Pakistani people, and remind them of their shared heritage.

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