K2 Mountain; National Mountain of Pakistan

The National Mountain of Pakistan is K2. Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori is another name of K2. It is the Highest Mountain in the World, 8,600 meters (28,251 ft) above sea level. The highest point of the Karakoram Mountain is K2. K2 mountain is in the Karakoram Range section of the Western Himalayas between Pakistan and China’s People of the Republic. That is why the mountain is known as K2.K2 means Karakoram 2. The height of the mountain is 8,623 Metres (28,661 feet) 


A European team member named Thomas Montgomerie, who attempted to climb the mountain, named this peak “K2” in 1856.

It is a glacier mountain whose height starts from Godwin Austin, a branch of Baltoro from almost 15,000 feet (4,570 meters).In 1856 Col. T.G.  discovered the hill.

During the survey of India, it was noticed that it is the second-highest mountain in the Karakoram range that is why the K2 symbol was given to this mountain. The Peak’s first surveyor name is given to Mount Godwin Austen. In the 19th century, Col. H.H. Godwin Austen was an English geographer.

Several Attempts to Reach the Summit

  • In 1902 Anglo-Swiss was the first person to reach the summit at about the height of approximately 18,600 feet (5,700 meters) via the Peak of the northeastern crest.

  • In 1909 an Italian tried the attempt but failed at the height of about 20,000 feet(6000 meters). Luigi Amedo, and Duke d’Abruzzo, were the lead guides.
  • An American tried the attempt in 1938  at the height of about 26,000 feet (7,925 meters) through  Abruzzi Ridge. Charles Houston was the guide.
  •  Another American-led tried the same attempt and went at the height of about 27,500 feet (8,380 meters) in 1939.
  • Another attempt was tried in 1953 at the height of 25,900 feet (7,900 meters) via Abruzzi Ridge. Houston was the guide on the Abruzzi Ridge. 
  • Another Italian with a group of 5 scientists and 12 other people tried to reach Abruzzi Ridge in 1954. In the group doctor, a geologist, and a photographer was included.

K2  Mountain is known for harsh and acute storms. It makes the track more challenging and slippery for climbers. Climbers found it more brutal. Mountain is considered as a problematic elevation among the World’s highest mountains. There are very few who succeeded in climbing Mount Everest.


 The death ratio of K2 climbers is low compared to Mount Everest, So the proportion of K2 climbers is higher.

National mountain K2 is the 2nd highest mountain in the whole World. Because of the difficult ascent of this mountain, K2 is known as Savage Mountain.

  American climber George Bell  says,

K2 is “a savage mountain that tries to kill you.”

It has the shape of a pyramid. That has always been the ultimate challenge for the World’s best mountaineers. But, unfortunately, it has become the graveyard for the climbers. In 2008 almost eleven mountaineers died while climbing K2.


Mick Conefrey made a documentary for the BBC. He met many of the pioneers who tried their attempt of climbing mountains.

 Conefrey wrote a book, The Ghosts of K2: The Epic Saga of the First Ascentbased on the interviews of mountaineers, their diaries and letters, to inspire new climbers and adventurous people.

Deadly Mountain


One in every four climbers who attempted to scale K2 lost their lives. As a fact, people have been in outer space rather than on the peak of this deadly mountain. K2 is regarded as a ‘savage mountain’ because of its complex topography and unpredictable weather. One in every four who tries to scale K2 dies.

Margret Grebowicz states in The Atlantic Second to only Mount Everest in its height, climbing K2 is attempted only by “serious climbers,”

It isn’t easy to summit at the peak due to various factors. Although it is lower than Everest by 200 meters, the topography is much harder to scale and weather conditions are far more unpredictable. In addition, it has a tiny area that flattens off; unlike Everest, K2 has avalanches and rockfalls. 

Freddie Wilkinson, who was a climbing guide, states in The New York Times that”Scaling K2 in winter was perhaps the last great prize of high-altitude mountaineering, a sport born as an expression of national strength among Western European nations in the mid-20th century,”  

 T.G. Montgomery discovered it when he was undertaking the British survey of India in 1856 to figure out the border between Kashmir and China. But, unfortunately, K2 was not even given a local name because of how remote and inaccessible it continues to be.

Mountaineers find no villages where they can stop and restock their supplies. Instead, it forces them to walk unusually long distances to go to the base camp.

Mick Conefrey said in an interview during the formation of a documentary for the BBC about climber’s journey of K2

“I think it’s very poetic because it sums up a mountain that is very bare, very austere, a perfect pyramid. It’s the very epitome of a mountain,”

Grebowicz stated about K2 as

 “the last problem of the Himalayas”

 Borrowing a phrase that was used to refer to the hopelessness of Switzerland’s mountain Eiger, 

“the last problem of the Alps.”

Trekking of National Mountain of Pakistan

.In 1991, Mountain Kingdoms started running trips to K2 Base Camp. Trekking to the K2 ground Camp up the gigantic glacier is undoubtedly considered the highest in the World. It passes through a mysterious way, a coil of granite, granitic tops, and mighty glaciers.

For trekking, the journey begins from a flight of Islamabad to Skardu, a village of Askole. Its first starting point is beautiful bare scenery with a beautiful view of green emeralds. It is a doorway for the World’s top-height mountains. Following the climbers’ path to reach the top of K2 that had been tracked a hundred years ago.  


Heading up the glacier towards the middle of the Karakoram, the snowy mountains rise high above the ground of the valley show complexity and beauty. There are some famous tops of mountain-like Cathedral Peak, Trango Towers, Masherburn, and Broad Peak. These peaks make the trekking more classy. A beautiful view can be observed at this Peak.

One may reach Concordia after several days of stunning trekking at the height of 4,700m/15,255ft. Baltoro Glacier and the Godwin-Austen Glacier, these two peaks join together. There are six tops of about 7,925m/26,000ft high surrounding them; K2 is one. The Peak is also known as

‘throne of the mountain gods’ 

Next, to reach the base camp of Broad Peak after going outside the Concordia, at the height of about  5,000m/16,450ft, which after spending two nights, provides the better option to reach the base camp of K2.

Trying to make it from a camp at Concordia is a tall order. It is a long way on very tiring terrain. Undoubtedly it is more expensive to take the porters and all the kit to Broad Peak Base Camp.

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