Sahiwal cattle can be found in Punjab’s districts of Multan, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Okara, and Pakpattan. The Sahiwal district, which is part of the breed’s home territory, is named after the breed.
Sahiwal cattle are from central Punjab’s arid Punjab area. Skilled herders known as “Charwahas” used to keep them in huge groups. Pakistan’s Sahiwal cow breed is a valuable genetic asset. The Sahiwal is now considered one of Pakistan’s greatest milk productions. When it comes to milking, Sahiwal is composed.
Origin of Sahiwal Cow
They have been transported to other Asian countries, as well as the Caribbean and Africa because of their thermal dissipation and excellent dairy production. This variety has a plump physique and is medium in size.
In the 1950s, the Sahiwal was shipped to Australia through New Guinea. The Sahiwal was chosen as a dual-purpose animal in Australia at first. It was crucial in the establishment of the Australian Fresian Sahiwal and the Australian Milking Zebu, two tropical milk varieties indigenous to Australia.
Combining high-class Sahiwal sires with Bos indicus cows yielded a carcass of lean quality with appropriate fatty coverage, therefore Sahiwal is now primarily used for meat production in Australia. The Sahiwal was developed in Pakistan for dairy production and in Australia for meat production, but it has also been sold to India, Africa, the Caribbean, and other regions of Asia.
Physical Description of Sahiwal Cow
- Males have a deeper coloration around the neck, orbit, and hind legs, while females have a reddish-brown tint.
- Female breeds are frequently dehorned, while male breeds have stumpy horns.
- Ears are droopy and average in size.
- With a copious sheath and dewlap, the skin is loose and smooth.
- The male has a large hump, whilst the female has a minor hump.
- The tail comes to a halt at a black latch. Because its skin naturally shivers, this animal is tick resistive.
Average Weight and Lactation
With a high caloric of 4.5 percent, milk output is 1500-2200 liters per lactation. Females weigh 300 to 350 kilograms, whereas male cattle breeds weigh 400-500 kilograms. Males weighing more than 1000 kilograms have also been observed. Lactation lasts an average of 235 days. The age, health, and milk production of a typical Sahiwal cow are all factors to consider. We can buy a Sahiwal cow for Rs “60,000-75,000”.
Advantages of Sahiwal Cattle:
Milk from Sahiwal cows includes 5 to 6 percent fat, whilst dairy from other varieties comprises less than 3 percent fat. Sahiwal’s dairy has 3 types of protein: beta, globin, and alpha.
Both the A1 and A2 genotypes are present in beta proteins. Allele A2, which encodes proline instead of the histidine proteins seen in other breeds’ dairy, was found just in the Sahiwal variety.
Sahiwal’s dairy is a treasure to humankind because it assists in the cure of ailments like diabetes, cardiovascular, and cholesterol disease due to the presence of this extra allele. As a result, the Sahiwal cow is considered an important variety.
Other imported cattle varieties can produce up to 60 liters of dairy each day, however, Sahiwal can give milk approximately 20 liters at a time. It can give birth multiple times in a lifetime, although most animals can only do it 3 – 4 times.
It can also resist inclement conditions, as opposed to other imported varieties that require a steady temperature to thrive. It has a gestation period of 21-22 months and is widely regarded as the most intellectual kind.
Disadvantages of Sahiwal Cattle:
Overall, the Sahiwal cow breed is a healthy breed with many advantages, with the exception that it demands more feed than other import breeds. They drink plenty of clean and fresh water, therefore landowners must confine them to a large area with ample food and water.