Gyr Cow: Identification, Origin, Breeding, and Diet

Gir or Gyr cattle is one of the famous breeds of the Zebu family, originating from India. Gir cow is usually used to improve other breeds, including the Red Sindhi breed and Sahiwal.

Gir cow is also called a humped cow due to the hump on its back, which makes it different from other cow breeds. It is also originated from the city of Gujarat and also found in the Gir hills.

Gyr Cow

Gir is named after the origin of this cow, and Gir forest is the geographical origin. The Gyr cow is one of those cows used to develop the Brahman breed in North America. Gir cows are also used for breeding with Friesian Cows to make the Girolando breeds.

Gir cows are expensive breeds because of their high resistance to different diseases. The value of the Gyr cow milk in the market is increased than the other breeds’ milk. And the reason for the comparatively high prices of milk is the existence of two protein groups.

  • Casein:

Casein is from the phosphoprotein family, commonly found in mammalian milk. It comprises almost 80% of cow milk. It is beneficial for muscle growth and is used for the body’s energetic level after complex tasks and exercises.

  • Whey Protein.

Whey protein is a watery portion of milk separated from the curds. It is one of the most potent protein supplements and is used for improving nutrient content in the body. It is also suitable for the immune system of the body.

Milk Of Gyr Cows:

Gir cows are among the highest milk production breeds and have healthy qualities and nutrients in their milk.

On average, a Gyr cow produces 15-18 liters of milk per day in a suitable environment.

The milk of Gyr cow is considered premium quality fresh milk due to the presence of A-2 beta-casein protein nutrients.

Gir or Gyr milk-producing breed also known as Bhodali, Desan, Gujarati, Kathiawari, Sorthi, and Surati.

Gyr Cow Milk Benefits:

  • Gyr cows are one of the famous breeds in India, which is well-known for producing A2 milk.
  • The milk of a Gyr cow has a lot of nutrients such as calcium, phosphorus, rich fats, proteins, and potassium, which are essential nutrients for body health and are suitable for controlling blood pressure.
  • Gyr cow’s milk also contains CLA, Conjugated Linoleic Acid, which helps lower harmful cholesterol. Thus it is beneficial for overall heart health.
  • Any harmful chemicals or pesticides do not contaminate Gyr cow, so the consumers get free from chemicals, and fresh and healthy milk to drink.
  • Desi Gyr cows have a high level of Omega 3 Fatty acids, beneficial for healthy bone growth.
  • It is also helpful for preventing different diseases and getting rid of heart diseases, also beneficial for inflammation, cancer, and arthritis.
  • Gyr milk produces organic milk, which is helpful to boost metabolism and good for robust body health.
  • Gir cow’s milk is also helpful for a strong immune system and provides resistance to infections and harmful toxins.
  • The milk of Gyr cows is enriched with antioxidant properties and plays a significant role in strengthening the health of the body.
  • A-2 milk of Gyr cows is a rich source of calcium nutrients, and our body uses almost 99% of its calcium for teeth strength and strong and healthy bones. So Gyr cow’s milk is a rich source to fulfill calcium requirements.
  • One glass of Gyr cow milk for babies in their daily routine can be a source of their strong health and solid bones. Calcium present in Gyr cow milk helps maintain the strong health of babies.
Gyr Cow


The fate of Gir cows has taken a sudden fall in the last few years.

The main reason for this is that Gir cows have been crossbred with other breeds in foreign countries to increase milk quality. Still, now it has led to a severe decline in Gir cows’ lactation period.


There are certain features and characteristics which distinguish Gyr breeds from others.

Some of these features which help with its identification are:


Gyr cattle have twisted inward spiral horns, starting with the base and following the sideway and backward curve. This unique shape of the Gyr cow has produced many names of these breeds in local languages. They also have a rounded and domed foreheads.


The ears of Gyr cows always hang like a folded big leaf, notch at the tip with its inside face forward. The gyr cows have long pendulous ears.


The Gyr cow has almost the largest hump amongst all the cattle breeds that lie on the top of its hoof and don’t bend.


The skin color of Gyr cows is primarily red, almost 80% of the cows in this species have red color, and the color of these cows varies from yellowish light to white and brown,  or dark red.


Gir cow is also called a humped cow due to the hump on its back, which makes it different from other cow breeds.

Physical Appearance:

Other than these specific features, the Gyr cow has a significant body.

The Gyr cow has a long whip-like tail, the hairs of the cow are short and glossy, the hooves are black and medium in size, the hip bones of Gyr cow are prominent, have loose and pliable skin, the udder of the cow is well developed, the overall body is well proportioned, the weight of Gyr cows varies from one breed to others. Approximately Gyr cattle have 350-580 kgs of weight.

Origin Of Gyr Cow:

  • Gyr cow originated in West India and the state of Gujarat. After that spreads to neighboring states such as Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
  • The average weight of this cow is almost 385 kg and 130 cm in height.
  • Bulls weigh almost 545 kg and have a height of 140 cm.
  • At the time of birth, calves weigh about 20 kg.
  • If we talk about the region of tier origin, then Gir or Gyr originated from Gir forest regions surrounding District Gujarat.

History Of Gyr Cow:

If we talk about history before the genetic gaps, a small number of Gir animals were located in the continent of Brazil. Also called Bos Indicus, Gir cattle are an important genetic resource for milk production in tropical regions.

After some time, due to genetic diversity, population issues, and other problems, the number of Gir animals in Brazil decreases from time to time. At a specific time, the major subdivisions of the Gir breed were observed between 1993 to 2002.

After 2002, there was a genetic gap between the subpopulation, and a reduction in average Gir breeding, and after some time, the founders and ancestors having Gir breed decreased in numbers gradually.

After Brazilian Gir, the Gyr cattle originated in India, in the state of Gujarat. 80% of Brazilian Gir cattle carry genes from the Gyr, or Gir cattle originated in India.

Gyr Cattle Diet:

Apart from open field grazing, there are different feeds Gyr cattle require for healthy growth. Gyr cattle diet includes Jowar, Bajra Straw, Cotton seed cake, Dry Fodder, Soya husk, Jaggery Etc.

  • Jowar/Sorghum:

It is one of the best feeds for Gyr cows, as it is helpful for the digestive system as it contains fibers. It is also suitable for free radicals, and it also boosts the immunity of cows.

  • Bajra Straw:

It is rich in Magnesium. And good for the heart health of cattle. It is also beneficial for controlling blood pressure, and insufficient cholesterol levels, and preventing cattle from other diseases.

  • Dry Fodder:

It helps boost the energetic level of cattle bodies. Dry fodder is equally essential for cattle as green fodder and helps to keep cattle active and fresh for a long time.

  • Jaggery:

The consumption of jaggery by cattle is good to improve the taste of milk. It is also suitable for changing the taste of regular food.

Other than these Gyr cattle can also eat vegetables such as Beetroots, Carrots, and Drumsticks.

And if we talk about Gyr cattle daily feed, you should have to feed 1 kg of compound cattle feed and 15 kg of green fodder grass.

For pregnant cows, the feed ratio will be almost double according to cattle needs and body requirements.

You can also feed Gyr cattle small pampering balls made with a portion of Dalia, Neem, and ginger.  This food treat will act as powerful mouth care for Gyr cows.

You can also add tulsi and neem to their drinking water. It will be a source of natural health booster tonic for Gyr cattle.

Benefits Of Gyr Cow Dairy Farm:

Gyr cow is one of the healthy breeds used for milk production, so Gyr cow dairy farms have different benefits.

Here we will discuss some of the benefits:

  • High milk production.
  • Low maintenance infrastructure was required for the Gyr cow dairy farm at the start.
  • Gyr cows have a high fertility rate; they can produce more than ten claves in their lifetime.
  • They have a longer lifespan, more than 12-15 years on average.
  • They have high resistance to different diseases, which keeps them healthy for a long time.
  • A massive amount of milk is produced by the Gyr cow than other breeds.
  • Gyr cattle have high demand and selling prices.
  • The price of Gyr cattle milk is also more than the other breeds.


The Gyr cow is one of the best cows which produces high quantity and quality of milk production.

Different things related to Gyr cows are discussed in this article, such as their origin, characteristics, milk qualities, diet plans, and other essential things.

One should know complete details about the cattle breed before starting their business so that one should know about everything in advance and not have any difficulties while running the business.

The price of Gyr cattle varies from region to region and differs because of cattle size, age, and weight.

But on average Gyr cow costs start from 30000 rupees, and gradually increase to 60000 to almost 200000 according to different characteristics.

Thus, there are no particular side effects of having Gyr cattle, as they are one of the healthiest cattle.

But they always need proper treatments, check-ups, and proper care.

So, you can check their medical health after 2 to 3 months to ensure their proper growth.

Other than these, all the specific details about Gyr cows have already been discussed in this article, so that you can follow this as a complete guide about Gyr cows.

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